Speech by Mr Edwin Tong, Minister for Culture, Community and Youth & Second Minister for Law at the 7th Annual Women in Leadership Summit
1 Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics. The enrolment of females in tertiary education increased from 15.12% in 1995 to 41.66% in 2020.
2 Source: Grant Thornton Women in Business 2020: Putting the Blueprint into action. The proportion of women in senior management has risen by from approximately 17% to 28% globally over the last 16 years (2004 – 2020).
3 In 2020, globally, women made up 25% of national parliaments. This is an increase from 16% in 2004. Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union: Women in National Parliaments (2020).
4 Source: Department of Statistics Singapore. In 1965, the literacy rate of females aged above 15 years was 42.6%.
5 Source: Comprehensive Labour Force Survey, Manpower Research and Statistics Department, MOM. The proportion of females in Singapore labour force having at least tertiary-level education rose from 47% in 2010 to 61% in 2020.
6 Deflated by Consumer Price Index for all Items at 2019 prices (2019=100)
7 The nominal median income (including employer CPF) of full-time employed females in Singapore rose from about $2,863 in 2010 to $4,374 in 2020. Source: Comprehensive Labour Force Survey, Manpower Research and Statistics Department, MOM
8 More women are in PMET – Professionals, Managers, Executives, and Technicians – occupations, rising from 50% to 59% of employed females from 2010 to 2020. Source: Comprehensive Labour Force Survey, Manpower Research and Statistics Department, MOM
9 Source: World Economic Forum, Global Gender Gap Report 2020. The Global Gender Gap Index measures the extent of gender-based gaps among four key dimensions: Economic participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment.
10 Source: International Labour Organisation, ACT/EMP The bureau for Employers’ Activities: Breaking Barriers: Unconscious Gender Bias in the Workplace.
11 Source: Fortune 500: The number of female CEOs in the Fortune 500 hits an all-time record (2020).
12 Source: Credit Suisse Gender 3000 (2019).
13 Source: National Bureau of Economic Research: The Gender Gap in Self-Promotion.
14 According to a UNESCO report, only 35% of STEM students in higher education globally are women. This is despite STEM performance being more or less equal between men and women, prior to higher education.
15 Source: Women in the Workforce – Global: Quick Take, Catalyst (2020).